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Model UN Conference 2023

Conference Agenda

Registration in the Student Commons
8:00 a.m. – 9:00 a.m.

Continental Breakfast (Hajjar Dining Hall)
8:00 a.m. – 8:55 a.m.

Opening Ceremonies (Cadigan Gym)
9:00 a.m. – 10:00 a.m.

Committee Session I
10:10 a.m. – 12:15 p.m.

Lunch (Hajjar Dining Hall)
12:15 p.m. – 1:00 p.m.

Committee Session II
1:00 p.m. – 3:30 p.m.

Closing Ceremonies (Cadigan Gym)
3:40 p.m. – 4:00 p.m.

Welcome from the Secretary General

Dear Delegates,

The Boston College High School Model United Nations Club cordially invites you to BC High Model United Nations Conference XXXI, Saturday, March 4, 2023, 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m. on our campus in Boston, MA. All registration details are below. BC High Model UN Conference XXXI is an in-person conference.

Our Secretariat was honored to meet the 46th US President, Joseph Biden, at the JFK Library last September. As you can see, even President Biden approved of BC High Model UN XXXI when he took a selfie with us.

Our conference is organized and staffed entirely by Boston College High School students. BC High’s Model UN Conference traditionally brings together boys and girls from around New England.

The conference will simulate the United Nations, and other national or international governing bodies in the past, present, and future. The goal is for delegates to experience and gain insight from the operations of the United Nations, through collaboration to solve global issues.

Participants will work with other high school students representing delegates of a variety of agendas and beliefs, including collaborative discussion to produce a resolution. In the process, delegates gain a better understanding of the issue at hand, while sharpening debate, negotiation, and public speaking skills.

We will look forward to you joining us!

With our joyful greetings from the entire BC High Secretariat,

Johnny Sullivan ’23
Secretary General
Boston College High School Model United Nations Club

Meet the Officers

2022-23 Model UN Officers

BC High MUN 31 General Conference Inquiries
General Conference Questions

Johnny Sullivan ’23, Secretary General
[email protected]

Contact Information

(Committee preferences/assignment questions)
Tyler Kwong ’23, Conference Chair
[email protected]

 

(Invoice/billing)
Lucky Patel ’23, Director of External Affairs
[email protected].edu

Aaron Fernandes ’24 [email protected]

Moderator
Dr. Nicholas Argento, Social Studies Department
[email protected]

Committees & Background Guides

Committee background guides will be posted on February 4, 2023

Conference Position Paper
Preparing a one to two page double spaced position paper is required for all delegates at the conference. We require this to focus everyone’s attention on the committee topics ahead of time. We have found that preparing these promotes more thoughtful discussion. Do not let this requirement impede your decision to attend this conference. We are only trying to make the discussion better.

Committee Levels

A = Advanced
I = Intermediate
N = Novice
Middle School = Middle School specific

  • Joint Committee Crisis (JCC) Russian Civil War: Red (A)

    Committee: JCC Russian Civil War Red
    Chair: Nico Bezzerides
    Co-Chair:

    Near the end of the Great War, and amidst suffering great military losses, Russian revolutionaries in Petrograd began a litany of workers’ strikes, forcing the entire industrial backbone of Petrograd to halt and provoking the fall of the centuries-old tsarist regime. Now you, as members of the Bolshevik Party and Communist Party sympathizers, must chart a path forward for your fledgling government and work to prevent the White Army from defeating communism and instituting their Western regime. Plan military strategy, manage fragile supply chains, and contend with flagging support from troops. Lead on, and create the legacy that your new nation will stand upon.

    1. How will the Bolshevik and Communist Party deal with pro-Tsarist forces?
    2. If infighting arises, will you attempt to reach an agreement or try to overpower the opposing side?
    3. Will you endorse conflict, seek to stop it, or broker a deal to bring both sides together?
    Background Guide
  • Joint Committee Crisis (JCC) Russian Civil War: White (A)

    Committee: JCC Russian Civil War White
    Chair: Jack Reardon
    Co-Chair: James Conley
     

    During WW1 while Russians were fighting the Germans on the frontlines, anti-russian communists took the capital. They have seized control of the industrial heartland, and now they are moving to institute their anti-monarchist regime. You must unite your loyal forces fighting on the front, and the monarchists in the empire to retake control. Your Allies in the Great War will send help, but you must keep fighting in the war to keep it. It is up to you to decide the fate of Russia, and the course of history.

     

    1. How to keep the Germans away from Russia during this war?
    2. Will you create an  international coalition to unify the Whites and oust the Reds?
    3. Should Tsar Nicholas II stay in power?
    Background Guide
  • Good Friday Agreement (A)

    Committee: The Good Friday Agreement
    Chair: Daniel Linnehan
    Co-Chair: Atharva Niak
     

    The Good Friday Agreement focuses on ending the conflict between Protestants and Catholics in the six northernmost counties in Ireland. This conflict goes back centuries, but over the past 30 years, large-scale protests by Catholics against British control and violent terrorist attacks perpetrated by both sides have resulted in a bloody conflict. Your goal is to end the conflict while achieving your own goals about the political future of Ireland.

     

    1. What is the future of interned suspected terrorists of both sides?
    2. What will be the political future of the six northern counties (Unify with Ireland/Remained Partitioned/Another Solution)?
    3. Future relationships between the North and South of the island?
    Background Guide
  • Boston Busing Crisis (I)

    Boston Busing Desegregation
    Chair: Griffin Mozinski ’24
    Co-Chair: Christopher Affonso ’24

     

    In 1972 the Boston Chapter of the National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP) filed a class action lawsuit on the behalf of a number of parents and students. The lawsuit said that school budget resources allocated by the Boston School Committee favored people from white neighborhood schools.  Simultaneously, the lawsuit accused the Boston School Committee of  reducing the amount of budget resources for people from black neighborhood schools. Essentially, two school systems of separate and unequal quality existed in the City of Boston.

     

    After two years the Federal Court order issued by Judge W. Arthur Garrity ruled in favor of the plaintiffs.  Judge Garrity ordered a plan to desegregate the schools using two basic methods: redistricting the busing system and replacing the old school feeder system of junior and middle schools with a single unified one. This plan caused anger and, in  some cases violent protests from parents in South Boston, because  children were bused across the City of Boston away from their local neighborhood schools.

     

    Our focus today will be the first of the two methods: the redistricting of school buses in Boston.

    Questions:

    1. What are the demographics and socioeconomic figures for each part of Boston?
    2.  How will you change, or not change, the ways in which students are distributed among school systems?
    3. How should the city respond to parents pulling their children out of school, moving out of Boston, and anti-busing sentiments?
    Background Guide
  • Balkans War Crisis (I)

    Committee: Balkan’s War Crisis
    Chair: Aaron Fernandes ’24
    Co-Chair: Bryan Rosa ’24

     

    With a rise of nationalism in the Balkan region-states, Greece, Serbia, Montenegro, and Bulgaria declare war on the Ottoman Empire. As the Ottomans enter an increasingly unstable phase in their history they attempt to hold back against the Balkan states. As the Ottomans face internal fractures from oppressed Christian populations and weakening from the Albanian Revolts and Italo-Ottoman War, the newly formed Balkan League may take advantage of this predicament. With the launch of coordinated attacks from the Balkan League against the Ottomans, each leader will have to make decisions for the protection and betterment of their own nation.

     

    Questions to Consider:

    • How can all nations/nation-states prevent excessive bloodshed in the field of battle and come to a mutually beneficial treaty?
    • What role does national sovereignty play in this war and what importance does it play for one’s own country?
    • How does war affect the common people of one’s own nation and other nations?
    Background Guide
  • US Senate: Patriot Act (I)

    Committee: U.S. Senate: Patriot Act
    Chair: Khush Patel ’23
    Co Chair: Liam Heffernan ’24

     

    Following the attacks of September 11, 2001, the United States Congress passed the Patriot Act, intending to deter and punish terrorists in the United States and around the world through the use of investigatory tools and other means. The government was given much more power and capabilities to track potential terrorists for the safety of the country, but how much power is too much power? Your task is to revisit, as the modern U.S. Senate, the Patriot act and discuss its effectiveness and whether or not it should still be enacted. Some questions to consider:

    1. Is the power granted to the government via the Patriot act necessary in today’s society?
    2. When and how have the government abused the power given to them in the Patriot act and how can this be limited?
    Background Guide
  • Iranian Parliament (I)

    Committee: Iranian Parliament
    Chair: Charlie Donovan
    Co-Chair: Matthew Hunt
     

    In its current state, the Iranian Parliament is facing internal and external protests regarding women’s rights. In 2022, the Iranian government voted to execute 15,000 protestors who protested in favor of women’s rights. These protests, once centered around women’s rights, have transformed into a call for more freedoms. This discussion should cover the complexities in these social justice battles and thoughtfully create a bipartisan solution easing tensions between the Parliament and the people of Iran.

     

    Questions to consider:

     

    1. What other rights have surfaced in search for freedom?
    2. What proper repercussions are necessary for the betterment of the relationship between the Iranian Parliament and the Iranian people?
    3. How can tensions be eased and changes be made in order to improve representation?
    Background Guide
  • European Super League (I)

    Committee: European Super League

    Chair: Danny Moylan

    Co Chair: Nolan Seeback

     

    In April of 2021 twelve of the richest and largest clubs in European soccer established a new competition in which they would have permanent participation. This was denounced by many, including the governing body of European Soccer (UEFA), as a cartel forming a monopoly of what would now become the premier soccer competition. Fans across the globe denounced it as an act of pure greed ruining the great heritage of European soccer. However, others look on with anticipation of seeing games against the best teams in the world every week.

     

    1. Should the European Super League be implemented in any form?
    2. Should European soccer be reformed to solve the complaints of owners, fans and governing officials?
    3. Are there lessons from the formation of LIV Golf that the European Super League might embrace?
    Background Guide
  • Security Council: 100 Seconds till’ Midnight (I)

    Committee: Security Council: 100 Seconds ‘til Midnight
    Chair: Lucky Patel ’23
    Co Chair: Simon Trejo ’25

     

    In 1947, the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists created the Doomsday Clock, a representation of, according to the Bulletin, “how close we are to destroying our world with dangerous technologies of our own making?” Last January 2022 the Science and Security Board of the Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists set the Doomsday Clock at 100 seconds to midnight. At that time, nuclear scientists called out Ukraine as a potential flashpoint in an increasingly tense international security landscape. For many years, others have warned that the most likely way nuclear weapons might be used is through an unwanted or unintended escalation from a conventional conflict. Russia’s invasion of Ukraine has brought this nightmare scenario to life, with Russian President Vladimir Putin threatening to elevate nuclear alert levels and even first use of nuclear weapons if NATO steps in to help Ukraine. This is what 100 seconds to midnight looks like. This is what the world looks like, as it inches closer to full nuclear war.

    • Will the world move closer to nuclear war?
    • How can your country stop this creeping countdown towards nuclear conflict?
    • What are the alternatives that an international coalition might consider to avoid this?
    Background Guide
  • Economic Commission for Latin America and the Caribbean (ECLA): United Fruit Company (I)

    Committee: United Fruit Company
    Chair: Matt Hurley ’23
    Co-chair: Madoc Robinson

    The United Fruit Company, now Chiquita, held a political and economic stronghold on countries dependent on fruit exports. The so-called “Banana Republics” were ruled by and exploited by private companies as a result of their natural resources, poor populations, and political instability. The United Fruit Company held a relative monopoly on Central American nations, especially Costa Rica, Honduras, and Guatemala. As a result of the instability, several communist/socialist revolutionaries rose to prominence in Central America.

    1. Does the Banana Republic give Central American nations a platform in the world?
    2. Discuss workers right, free trade, slavery, child workers, etc
    3. How significant is corruption, bribery, and political strife?
    4. Is communism/socialism a solution?

    Background Guide
  • African Union: Somaliland (N)

    Committee: African Union: Somaliland
    Chair: Will Hartford
    Co chair:  Max Gravalese ’24

     

    Somaliland is a self-governed state in northern Somalia. Despite not being recognized as a sovereign state, it has maintained a level of independence within Somalia and a greater stability than the rest of the country. It has held successful democratic elections since 2003 and has requested international recognition as a sovereign state since 1991.

    1. Should self-governance continue in Somaliland?
    2. Should a UN peacekeeping force be sent to Somaliland to preserve independence?
    3. Does the Somalia government have the right to govern its own homeland?
    4. Who determines whether a group of separatists have the right to self-govern?
    Background Guide
  • Wizard Gammot (N)

    Committee: Harry Potter Wizengamot
    Chair: Sam Schuhwerk ’23
    Co-Chair: John Ictech ’23

    Oftentimes governments sacrifice their basic morals and the freedoms of their people during times of war. This is no different during the First Wizarding War where the Ministry of Magic passed laws authorizing Auror (wizard police) to use the Unforgivable Curses and imprisoned Death Eaters and Suspected Death Eaters in the torturous Azkaban Prison.

     

    Questions to Consider?

    1. Should Aurors be allowed to use the unforgivable curses in this time of war?
    2. Is Azkaban Prison an ethical way to punish Death Eaters?
    Background Guide
  • General Assembly (GA): The State of Israel and Claims by Palestine: A Constant Conflict(N)

    Committee: The State of Israel and Claims by Palestine: A Constant Conflict
    Chair: Charlie Bushley
    Co-Chair: Patrick Cincotti

    In 1947, the United Nations adopted Resolution 181, known as the Partition Plan. Palestine would be divided into 2 states, an Arab state and Jewish state. On May 14th, 1948, the State of Israel was created recognized by the United Nations. The creation of the State of Israel led to the First Arab vs. Israeli War. The first Arab vs. Israeli War ended in 1949 with 750,000 Palestinians displaced. The territory was divided into 3 parts: the State of Israel, the West Bank (of the Jordan River), and the Gaza Strip. There are ongoing tensions between Israel and the surrounding countries. Rising in Palestine is Hamas whose objective is to liberate Palestine from Israeli occupation and transform the country into an Islamic state. The State of Israel claims historic ties to the same land.

    After Israel’s invasion of the Sinai Peninsula, Egypt, Jordan, and Syria signed mutual defense pacts in case of potential mobilization of Israeli troops. The future peace of this region lies in your hands, seize this opportunity.

    1. Is a two-state solution the only way to resolve this on-going dispute?

    2. Are the differences between the Israelis and Palestinians religious, political, economic, ethnic or some combination of these?

    3. Should the UN intervene to help resolve this conflict that span thousands of years?

    Background Guide
  • Conference of the Parties (COP) 28 (Middle School)

    MIDDLE SCHOOL COMMITTEE
    Conference of Parties 28 (aka COP)
    Chair: Joachim Arokiaraj
    Co-Chair: Sheadon O’Leary

     

    On March 28, 1995, COP1 met in Berlin to discuss the growing concern over the planet’s climate. On November 18th, 190 Nations of the world Left Sharm-el-Sheik, Egypt decided to organize a loss and damage fund. With this information in mind, COP 28, scheduled for November 4-6, 2023 in the UAE, will have to move forward with the fight against climate change.

     

    1. How much fossil fuel does your country use and how much does it contribute to the World air quality index?
    2. What would be the most equitable steps for your country to move forward and cut its fossil fuel usage?
    3. How would you apply your country’s ideas for reduction to a global stage and make a fair course of action for the world?
    Background Guide

Awards


The Ben Maher’11 Best Position Paper Award:
Ben Maher was a two-time BC High Model UN Secretary General. He continued his Model UN work in college at Georgetown University. He had and continues to have now, a great love of writing including his work as a journalist with incredible interviews with the Occupy Wall Street protestors in Washington, DC. It is why we named this award after Ben.

A one to two page position paper is required for all participating delegates at the conference. We require this to focus everyone’s attention on the committee topics ahead of time. We have found that preparing these promotes more thoughtful discussion. Do not let this requirement impede your decision to attend this conference. We are only trying to make the discussion better. Delegates have two choices:

1. Submit the paper one week early to be considered for the Benjamin Maher’11 Best Paper Award, on March 1, 2023 by emailing the paper to the appropriate BC High Committee Chair. These papers must be properly cited using the MLA format.
OR
2. Bring a hard copy with them to the conference on March 4, 2023.The Committee Chair is happy to help you with the paper. His school email address can be found on the cover page of the background guide.

The Chris Gidopoulos’95 People’s Choice Award
We thank Catholic Memorial High School and Mr. Vin Bradley for creating the idea for this award. We name this award after Chris Gidopoulos’95. Chris was an amazing, award winning Model UN delegate. He continued Model UN at Harvard University. When he passed away unexpectedly in 2013, BC High Model UN decided to name the People’s Choice Award in Chris’ honor.

The Austin Martin’95 Distinguished Delegate Award Given in committee. Austin was a BC High Secretary General who wrote our club’s constitution. He was known as Mr. Model UN. He is currently a global stock analyst who works in the international business world.

History

Founded in 1986, the BC High Model United Nations Club gives students the experience of diplomacy and learning about international issues. The BC High Model United Nations Club engages in an authentic simulation of the United Nations system by learning about the UN system, the skills of debate, compromise, conflict resolution and negotiation. MUN team members have fun learning about the workings of world diplomacy through the lens of current events.

Currently our club has 250 members. Students participation choose their participation levels. There are weekly Wednesday meetings, weekend conferences, or overnight conferences. Some students attend everything while others participate when they are able.

BC High is proud to participate in conferences around the United States. Listed are a sample of the exciting opportunities our students have been a part of:

  • St. John’s High School – Shrewsbury Model UN (October)
  • Stanford University Model UN–Palo Alto, CA (November)
  • College of William and Mary, Williamsburg, VA (November)
  • Vanderbilt University Model UN
  • Catholic Memorial High School Model UN (November)
  • New York City Visit to the United Nations—tour and interview of a mission rep
  • St. John’s Prep–– Danvers Model UN (December)
  • Seekonk High School (January)
  • Yale University Model UN (January)
  • North American Invitational Model UN at Georgetown University
  • University of Chicago Model UN
  • Duke University
  • University of Georgia
  • Sandwich High Model UN (April)

We are grateful to have hosted some remarkable speakers over the last several years.

  • Diego Aria, President of the UN Security Council
  • Quanuquanei Karmue, Executive Director & Co-Founder at Save More Kids
  • Hon. A. Paul Celluci, US Ambassador to Canada and former Massachusetts Governor
  • Rick Walsh’02 Special Assistant to the Undersecretary of State, US State Department
  • Dermott Groome, Chief Prosecutor, The Hague, Netherlands
  • Congressman Michael Capuano (D-MA)
  • John Bird, CIA Analyst Cuban Missile Crisis
  • Sheryl & Matt from Boston Homeless Shelter
  • Jared Owen Massachusetts Recovery Center for Addiction
A successful day at the Catholic Memorial Model UN Conference
Stanford University
Touring the Pentagon
Exploring at the University of Richmond
Seekonk High School
BC HIgh Model UN at Georgetown Conference
Georgetown Conference

Registration & Schedule

BC High Model UN XXXI

Registration for BC High Model UN XXXI is closed. For questions, contact Secretary General Johnny Sullivan’23, [email protected]

BC High MODEL UN Conference XXXI SATURDAY MARCH 4, 2023 9:00 a.m. to 4:00 p.m.
Cost per delegate: $40. There are no delegation or moderator fees.

Only an adult moderator affiliated with your school may register. All delegates must be accompanied by a school approved adult. No student may register their school nor attend the conference without an adult. An email registration and a promise to pay the delegate fees is required. Once received, we will send you a request for your committee and country preferences.

It is better to underestimate your delegation total than overestimate it.

A $100 deposit is due by January 20, 2023. Make a credit card payment or a check payable to BC High., 150 Morrissey Blvd, Boston, MA 02125.

The $100 deposit reduces the total balance due for each school. For example: 10 delegates x $40 =$400. Subtract the $100 deposit, $400-$100= $300 balance due.

BC High Model UN Conference XXXI is an in-person conference.

Important Dates

Jan. 20, 2023
Registration and $100 deposit, checks made payable to BC High. Tell us your committee and country preferences as well as the number delegates that you anticipate attending. It is better to underestimate than overestimate your delegate totals. Contact Secretary General Johnny Sullivan’23 with questions:
Johnny Sullivan ’23, Secretary General:[email protected]

Lucky Patel ’23, Director of External Affairs or Aaron Fernandes’24 who will advise you about invoices and billing.

Lucky Patel ’23: [email protected]
Aaron Fernandes ’24: [email protected]

Feb. 9, 2023
Delegates totals are fixed on this day. After this date, schools are financially responsible for the reserved delegate total. Final payments are due. Background guides and country assignments posted.

Conference Chair Tyler Kwong ’23 sends moderators committee assignments
Tyler Kwong’23: [email protected]

Feb. 16, 2023
Final payment is due to BC High. Make all checks payable to BC High 150 Morrissey Blvd. Boston, MA 02125

Attn: Dr. Nick Argento Model UN Moderator